COVID -19 pandemic has severely affected the socio-economic and mental health of people all around the globe including Nepal due to lockdown and uncertainty of elimination of the virus in the future.
COVID-19, a contagious disease out broke from the city of Wuhan China in December has been spreading all over the world.
So far the total number of Covid 19 cases globally has reached up to 194,425,481 causing the death of 4168714 people with the recovery of 176,489,273 people all around the world.
In Nepal, the spread of the virus has been increasing rapidly with positive cases above 679,017 and the death of 9695 people.
It is a contagious disease that spreads primarily by person-to-person contact through respiratory droplets that become generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. The droplets are very heavy to hang in the air, so they quickly fall on the surfaces.
Despite the extension of lockdown and nisedhagya in Nepal, the increasing number of COVID-19 cases in Nepal has threatened the livelihoods of people affecting various socio-economic aspects and mental health conditions.
Adaptation Approaches During Covid -19 Lockdown and its effect on Mental health
To survive this pandemic situation, many schools and universities have been conducting virtual classes to deliver lectures. Likewise, people who work in different companies ie the public and private sectors are working from home.
It is a good approach but work from home may not be suitable for all organizations based on work type.
Various studies show that people who are quarantined are very likely to face a wide range of symptoms of psychological stress and disorder.
Moreover, these days’ people are facing fear, worry, and concern due to the uncertainty of lifting lockdown and nisedhgya by the Government of Nepal.
Extension of quarantine and lack of awareness to survive with covid has resulted in various mental health disorders for diverse groups in society.
Common Effects of Covid 19 Pandemic Lockdown on Mental Health
The most common effect of lockdown causing mental disorders is low mood, irritability, stress, anxiety, insomnia, emotional exhaustion, anger, depression, and posttraumatic stress symptoms.
Low mood and irritability specifically have stood out as a very common problem.
The main reasons for stress thrive in lockdown is risk of infection, fear of becoming sick or of losing loved ones as well as the prospect of financial hardship
Also in many developed countries, the police call-outs for mental health emergencies are increasing and the number of suicidal along with domestic violence is also increasing.
Even those people who were not in need of mental health support may look for support in the near future because of the effects of social isolation.
People are becoming more depressed because of inactivity.
How to reduce mental health effects caused by COVID-19 lockdown
There are various ways individuals can do to get relieved from anxiety and depression
• Individuals can attend different webinars and awareness campaigns related to mental health so that they can somehow get knowledge regarding various measures to decrease stress and anxiety.
• Meditation, exercise, and yoga relay helps you to reduce stress and anxiousness and also increase positive vibes in an individual.
• Also an individual can read positive and hopeful stories of the people who have recovered from covid, their experience
• The government should also give more emphasis on the mental health of its citizen by providing information to people about mental health.